The development of Chinese ink industry in 2005

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The development of China's ink industry in 2005 has experienced the test of the continuous rise in international oil prices in 2004 and the rapid rise in the price of ink raw materials. In 2005, China's ink industry will still maintain a steady growth trend. With the adjustment of industrial structure, the reorganization and integration of enterprises, the ink output will continue to expand, the market demand will further increase, and the proportion of medium and high-end products will continue to expand, The quality of many products will be close to or reach the level of similar foreign products. At present, China's total ink output has exceeded 250000 tons, maintaining the fourth place in the world, catching up with Germany, Japan and the United States, which are among the top three in the world

increased foreign investment

at present, the Asia Pacific region has become an important region in the world ink manufacturing industry. With China becoming Asia 8. Result comparison: multiple experimental characteristic curves can be superimposed, reproduced, amplified and displayed in different colors, and a group of samples can be analyzed and compared; As the fastest-growing economy in the Pacific region, the world's major ink manufacturers have made major investment activities in China. Some large ink production enterprises in China have also introduced advanced technology and efficient equipment, continuously integrated the industrial structure, absorbed foreign advanced management experience, increased technological transformation and scientific research and development, improved the technical content of products, and enhanced the market competitiveness of products

◆ Japan Toyo ink, the world's printing and packaging giant, invested 5billion yen (about 345million yuan) to establish a new sales and manufacturing company in Shanghai Songjiang Industrial Park, Shanghai Toyo Ink Manufacturing Co., Ltd. the new company will provide series of products including packaging materials, and it will become the parent plant of TOYO ink group for the production of ink and other series of products in China

◆ after the Japanese DIC Group invested 25 companies and production enterprises in China, including Taiyuan Koch, Guangzhou Koch, Beijing Koch, shenri and Shanghai DIC, it invested another US $30million in 2004 to build the phase I project of organic pigment and printing ink production in Nantong, Jiangsu Province

◆ flint ink, the world's second ink manufacturer, also sees the big market in China, and has established a large-scale wholly-owned web offset printing ink factory with an annual capacity of 10000 tons in Beijing; Fulint Guangzhou packaging ink factory was established in Guangzhou, and Guangzhou factory has also become fulint sheet fed inking center

◆ Japan Donghua ink will invest 2.1 billion yen (about 145million yuan) in the next five years to significantly improve the production capacity of its subsidiaries (HANGHUA ink Chemical Co., Ltd. and Donghua Guangzhou Ink Co., Ltd.) offset printing ink and UV ink. After the completion of this investment, the production capacity of Donghua ink's Chinese subsidiary will be increased by 90% to 30000 tons per year

the large-scale entry of foreign capital has improved the production capacity of China's ink industry unprecedentedly, but it also poses serious challenges to the survival and development of domestic small and medium-sized ink enterprises (domestic ink enterprises generally have many problems such as small scale, lack of talents, insufficient funds, low R & D investment, etc.)

market demand growth

due to China's accession to the WTO, the urbanization of rural population, the competition and development of the media industry and the preparation for the 2008 Olympic Games, China's economy will continue to grow rapidly in the next few years. The annual growth rate of the printing industry will reach%, and the development of the printing and publishing industry will directly lead to a sharp increase in China's domestic demand for ink. At present, offset printing inks still dominate the market, accounting for more than 50%, with a growth rate of 5% in the past two years. It is estimated that in the coming years, the domestic market demand for offset lithography inks, flexo inks, flexo inks, special inks and other products will show an upward trend. The domestic market demand for various ink products is roughly as follows

◆ the market demand for lithographic ink will increase steadily in the future, but the range will not be too large. It will increase at the rate of 5% - 6%, accounting for about 40% - 45%, of which the growth rate of rotary offset ink will be faster

◆ the total proportion of relief ink will decline, but the proportion of flexographic ink will continue to rise, which is also in line with the development trend of foreign developed countries such as the United States, Japan and other countries

◆ gravure inks are generally in a stable state, but the plastic ink inner printing and surface printing are on the rise, which is different from the international trend, because it involves environmental recycling and other issues

◆ the market demand for perforated ink tends to rise, mainly due to the increase in the use of metal, glass and plastic ink. Moreover, the silk printing equipment has broken the backward situation of the original manual printing machine, and some regions have begun to introduce foreign advanced silk printing equipment, so that the consumption of silk ink has increased

◆ the general trend of special and special inks is that the use amount is increasing day by day, such as jet printing ink, anti-counterfeiting ink, pearlescent ink, label ink, fluorescent ink and phosphorescent ink, etc

in addition, due to the rapid rise of the article packaging industry, the demand for plastic printing ink, food packaging printing ink and water-based ink will increase. With the rapid growth of packaging and printing industry, the proportion of flexographic printing ink will increase significantly; With the development of economy, outdoor large-scale advertising and other businesses have developed rapidly in recent years, and the demand of silk printing ink market will show an upward trend. With the active urban and rural trade in China and the prosperity of the market, all kinds of high-end packaging printing, bill printing, certificate printing, negotiable securities printing, banknote printing, etc. have expanded rapidly, and with the progress of human civilization and the needs of sustainable development, people's awareness of environmental protection has increased, The market demand for special anti-counterfeiting inks, special inks and various environmental friendly inks is also on the rise as a whole. It is estimated that the demand for all kinds of inks in China will reach more than 320000 tons in 2005

active international trade

in recent years, ink export is also the main factor to promote the growth of ink production. In 2001, 2002 and 2003, the export volume of printing inks in China was 97, 95 and 10800 tons respectively, with an average annual foreign exchange volume of more than US $50 million; The import volume is 2470 tons, 2800 tons and 39400 tons respectively. The international trade market presents six characteristics:

the export market is mainly distributed in Asia, Africa and North America, of which the export volume of Asia accounts for more than 85% of China's ink export volume; The total volume of exports to Africa and North America is about 12%, and Europe and Oceania also have a small part respectively

imports are mainly from Asia, which generally accounts for about 3/4 of China's total ink imports that year, followed by Europe and North America, which together account for about 1/4

imported inks are mainly high-grade and special inks with low domestic output, short market demand or blank in China; The average import price is generally 1/3 higher than the average export price in the same period to speed up the construction of safety and health traceability system

the import volume far exceeds the export volume, and shows an expanding trend

the quality level of ink has not only been recognized by developing countries, but also by developed countries in the international market. In recent years, China's printing inks exported to Japan, the United States, Britain and other developed countries in Europe and the United States account for about 1/6 of China's total ink exports in the same period

compared with the international advanced level, there is still a certain gap, which is reflected in the fact that the average import price of similar products exported to and imported from some developed countries in the same period is generally about 1/3 higher than the average export price

prospects for development 1. Generally, PVC plastic layer adopts rapid cooling

in 2004, China's major ink varieties have increased significantly (such as offset printing and embossing ink), but due to the rising price of international raw materials, the profit margin has generally declined. 2005 will continue the trend of the previous year, the domestic ink market competition will become more intense, and the life of small and medium-sized ink enterprises will be more and more difficult; As more large-scale production units will be built and put into operation in China, the impact on the market is obvious. Although the overall market is far from saturated, the supply of some varieties has already exceeded the demand, such as offset printing ink. Many enterprises have seriously idle production capacity and increased inventory. The promising ones are gravure printing inks, water-based inks, environmental friendly inks after each experiment, and there is still much room for development in the future

with the strengthening of people's awareness of environmental protection and the continuous improvement of national requirements for environmental protection, China's ink industry will pay special attention to volatile organic pollutants and heavy metal pollution caused by printing materials for health, safety and environmental considerations. Advanced alcohol soluble and water-soluble inks and other environmental friendly inks will show a rapid growth momentum

due to the intensification of market competition, the rise of raw material prices has led to the rise of transportation, logistics and labor costs, resulting in the increase of ink costs. The thinning of enterprise profits has made it difficult for more ink manufacturers to bear. The overall rise of ink prices is an inevitable trend. According to the analysis of authoritative people, the ink prices will rise steadily by% in 2005, and there will be no big fluctuations at the same time

it is predicted that China's packaging and printing market will grow by% in the next 10 years, which shows that the Chinese market has great development potential. This potential can be gradually activated with the sustained and stable development of China's national economy, forming a huge driving force to promote market development. On the premise of increasing output, we should pay more attention to and avoid low-level repeated construction, strengthen the adjustment of industrial structure, strengthen the research and development of products, improve the production concentration, improve the scientific and technological content of products, improve the quality, and ensure the stability of quality and the uniformity of products. If the ink production enterprises actively research, develop and produce to meet the needs of the market for multi-color, high-speed, fast drying, pollution-free and low consumption, Improve the adaptability and stability of products, develop product types that meet the needs of users, and the development prospect of the ink market will be bright

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